Microbial sequencing is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism’s genome. This information can then be used to study the evolution, phylogenetic relationship, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), function, and behavior of that microbe. In recent years, microbial sequencing has become an important tool in both clinical microbiology and environmental science.
Clinical microbiologists use microbial sequencing to identify pathogenic microbes and to understand how these pathogens cause disease. This information can also be used to detect and diagnose infections, track the spread of infectious diseases, and develop new treatments for infections develop new diagnostic tests and treatments. Environmental scientists use microbial sequencing to study the diversity of microbes in a given ecosystem and to understand how these microbes interact with their environment. This information can then be used to develop new environmental conservation strategies.