Microbial research is a booming field with many applications in industry and medicine. In the past, microbiologists relied on culture-based methods to study microbes. However, these methods are often time-consuming and labor-intensive, and they can only provide information about bacteria that can be cultured in the lab. Thanks to advances in next generation sequencing (NGS), it is now possible to sequence the genomes of entire microbial communities, providing a more comprehensive view of the microbial world. NGS can be used to identify new microbes, understand microbial ecology, and develop new probiotics and antibiotics. Additionally, NGS is being used to track the spread of antimicrobial resistance and infectious diseases. As NGS technology continues to improve, it is poised to revolutionize the field of microbial research. NGS allows for the rapid and accurate sequencing of genomes, making it possible to identify and track microorganisms with unprecedented speed and accuracy.